Safety Officer - Cynthia Gibbs
1995, ASAP (A Safety Awareness Program)
was introduced with the goal of re-emphasizing the position of Safety Officer "to create awareness, through education and
information, of the opportunities to provide a safer environment for kids and all participants of Little League Baseball".
In order to be an ASAP-compliant league, a Little League approved Safety Plan must be filed with Williamsport.
Kensington Little League Baseball Safety Plan
The goal of the Safety Plan is to
develop guidelines for increasing the safety of activities, equipment, and facilities through education, compliance and reporting.
In support of the attainment of this goal, Kensington Little League Baseball also commits itself to providing the necessary
organizational structure to develop, monitor, and enforce the aspects of the plan.
The Safety Plan, by reference, includes
the Kensington Little League Baseball's Safety Code, the Kensington Little League Baseball's Code of Conduct, and the Kensington
Little League Baseball's Safety Manual. The combination of these documents outlines specific safety issues and the Kensington
Little League Baseball's policy or procedure for each issue. All participants, volunteers, employees, spectators, and guests
are bound by the guidelines set forth in these documents.
One of the elected members on this
Board is the Safety Officer. For the 2008 season, the elected Safety Officer is Cynthia Gibbs. This individual acts as Kensington
Little League Baseball's primary point of contact for the creation and enactment of the Safety Plan. The Safety Officer authors
or modifies the League's Safety Plan, Code of Conduct, Safety Code, and Safety Manual each year, as necessary. The Safety
Officer is also required to complete the Annual Little League Facility survey yearly and submit it to Little League. These
documents are then presented to the Board for approval and ratification (usually in February or March) for the upcoming season.
The Safety Officer is also responsible
for a safety presentation and reviewing the leagues Code of Conduct during Kensington Little League Baseball’s yearly
Parent Orientation meeting.
ultimate responsibility for ensuring compliance of the Safety Plan lies with the Safety Officer. Because of the size of Kensington
Little League Baseball, and to provide more width to the enforcement of the plan, the following individuals are tasked with
ensuring the overall Safety Plan compliance with respect to the level-of-play specified below:
- President: Jerry Bailey, Jr.
- 1st Vice President:
- 2nd Vice President:
- Player Agent: John Seay
- Secretary: Barbara Thomas
- Safety Officer: Cynthia Gibbs
- Baseball Commissioner: Marcellus
- T-Ball Commissioner: Cynthia Gibbs
This committee, consisting of the League President,
the Commissioner of Baseball, and the Commissioner of T-Ball, is responsible for drafting any proposed new or modified Local
Rules for Kensington Little League Baseball. Areas such as competitive balance, player participation, speed of play, and safety
are discussed and any changes or additions are presented to the Board for discussion and/or ratification. Each and every year,
this committee evaluates existing Local Rules and considers any necessary changes and/or additions to these rules
Volunteer Background Check
All Volunteers in Kensington Little League Baseball
shall give permission for the Little League organization to conduct a background check using the Little League Volunteer Application,
which may include a review of criminal, sex abuse, and child abuse records maintained by governmental agencies. All volunteers
understand that if appointed, their position is conditional upon the league receiving no inappropriate information on their
background. Every volunteer shall release and agree to hold harmless from liability the local Little League, Little League
Baseball, Incorporated, the officers, employees and volunteers thereof, or any other person or organization that may provide
such information. I also understand that regardless of previous appointments I may not be appointed to a volunteer position.
If appointed all volunteers are subject to suspension by the President and removal by the Board of Directors.
The Kensington Little League Baseball Code of Conduct
has been adopted by the Board of Directors. The Safety Officer, the League President, and the League Vice President enforce
this Code. All league officers, participants, employees and volunteers are required to abide by this code. It is the job of
the Safety Officer to author and/or make any revisions to this Code of Conduct from year to year, as necessary.
Kensington Little League Baseball Code of Conduct
- Use or possession of any alcoholic
beverage or illegal drugs is strictly prohibited at any division of Kensington Little League, Inc. This includes all occasions
while engaged at KLLB activities regardless of location.
- Glass or metal containers (except
those associated with the normal operation of the facility) are prohibited due to safety, littering and equipment damage considerations.
- Everyone is responsible for ensuring
that all debris is placed in containers as provided.
- Property abuse will not be tolerated.
This shall include all team equipment and facilities.
- Careless and reckless driving is
strictly prohibited. Drive carefully around the ball park area. Children are moving about and may not be alert to any danger.
Please park in designated parking areas and be courteous to private residents. Vehicles parked illegally are subject to being
ticketed or towed by local law enforcement.
- Horseplay is prohibited. This includes
- Batting or throwing against backstops
or fences is prohibited due to damage considerations. Climbing over or on fences and backstops is prohibited due to safety
and damage considerations. Any player observed abusing these assets of the facility shall be subject to suspension the next
- Verbal abuse, threatening or profane
language directed towards anyone will not be tolerated and may result in suspension or termination of membership.
- Parents/ Guardians shall supervise
non-participating children at all times while on the premises.
- All riding toys including trail
bikes, skateboards and roller blades are prohibited on the fields.
- Pets are prohibited on the fields.
- KLLB is not responsible for personal
injury or damage to any motor vehicle while on league property.
- No one is allowed on the playing
field or in dugout during games. Only players, managers, coaches, and umpires are permitted.
- Please respect all
reasonable directives from league personnel.
The Kensington Little League Baseball Safety Code
has been adopted by the Board of Directors and is enforced by the Safety Officer, the League President, and the League Vice
President. All league officers, participants, employees and volunteers will receive a copy of the safety plan and are required
to abide by this code.
It is the job of the Safety Officer to make any
revisions to the Safety Code from year to year, as necessary.
Kensington Little League Baseball Safety
- Responsibility for safety procedures
should be that of all adult members of KLLB.
- Arrangements should be made in advance
of all games and practices for emergency medical services
- Managers, coaches and umpires should
have training in first aid. First-aid kits are issued to each team manager and are located at each concession stand.
- No games or practices should be
held when weather or field conditions are not good, particularly when lighting is inadequate.
- Managers, coaches and/or umpires
will inspect and check play area before practices and games for holes, damage, stones, glass and other foreign objects.
- All team equipment should be stored
within the team dugout, or behind screens, and not within the area defined by the umpires as "in play".
- All member s of Kensington Little
League Baseball will be provided badges to identify themselves.
- Only players, managers, coaches,
and umpires are permitted on the playing field or in the dugout during games and practice sessions.
- Responsibility for keeping bats
and loose equipment off the field of play should be that of a player assigned for this purpose or the team's manager and coaches.
- Procedure should be established
for retrieving foul balls batted out of playing area.
- During practice and games, all players
should be alert and watching the batter on each pitch.
- During warm-up drills players should
be spaced so that no one is endangered by wild throws or missed catches.
- Equipment should be inspected regularly
for the condition of the equipment as well as for proper fit and request replacements for that equipment not meeting standards.
- In the off-season it is the responsibility
of the President, Safety officer and commissioner to insure all equipment not meeting standards is replaced.
- Batters must wear Little League
approved protective helmets during batting practice and games.
- Catcher must wear catcher's helmet,
mask, throat guard, long model chest protector, shin guards and protective cup with athletic supporter at all times (males)
for all practices and games. NO EXCEPTIONS. Managers should encourage all male players to wear protective cups and supporters
for practices and games.
- Except when runner is returning
to a base, head first slides are not permitted.
- During sliding practice, bases should
not be strapped down or anchored.
- At no time should "horse play" be
permitted on the playing field · Parents of players who wear glasses should be encouraged to provide "safety glasses"
- Player must not wear watches, rings,
pins or metallic items during games and practices.
- The Catcher must wear catcher's
helmet and mask with a throat guard in warming up pitchers. This applies between innings and in the bull-pen during a game
and also during practices.
- Managers and Coaches may not warm
up pitchers before or during a game.
- On-deck batters are not permitted
(except in the Juniors Division).
- All pre-game warm-ups should be
performed within the confines of the playing field and not within areas that are frequented by, and thus, endanger spectators
(i.e., playing catch, pepper, swinging bats, etc.)
Injury Reporting Procedures
The following reporting procedures should be used
by all managers, coaches, parents, umpires, and volunteers concerning injuries.
An incident that causes any player, manager, coach,
umpire, or volunteer to receive medical treatment and/or first aid must be reported to the Safety Officer. The terms "medical
treatment and/or first aid" should include even passive treatments such as the evaluation and diagnosis of the extent of the
injury. Any incident that (a) causes a player to miss any practice or game time; or (b) any event that has the potential to
require medical assistance must be reported promptly.
All such incidents described above must be
reported to the Safety Officer within 48 hours of the incident. The Safety Officer for 2008, Cynthia Gibbs can be reached at the following:
Day and Evening Phone: 716.852.0668
Reporting incidents can come in a variety of forms.
Most typically, they are telephone conversations. At a minimum, the following information must be provided:
- The name and phone number of the
individual involved (or of their parents)
- The date, time, and location of
the incident · As detailed a description of the incident as possible
- The preliminary estimation of the
extent of any injuries
- The name and phone number of the
individual reporting the incident.
Safety Officer's Responsibilities
The Safety Officer will receive this injury report
and will enter it into the league's safety database. Within 48 hours of receiving the incident report, the Safety Officer
will contact the injured party or the party's parents and
the information received;
any other information deemed necessary;
on the status of the injured party; and
the event that the injured party required other medical treatment (i.e., Emergency Room visit, doctor's visit, etc.) will
advise the parent or guardian of the Kensington Little League Baseball's insurance coverage’s and the provisions for
submitting any claims for reimbursement.
If the extent of the injuries is more than minor
in nature, the Safety Officer shall periodically call the injured party to
on the status of any injuries, and
check if any other assistance is necessary in areas such as submission of insurance forms, etc. until such time as the incident
is considered "closed" (i.e., no further claims are expected and/or the individual is participating in the league again).
With regard to the general health of its participants,
Kensington Little League Baseball includes the following wording in its Registration Booklet:
"While physical exams are not required by league
policy, National Little League strongly recommends that participants be in good general health. If your child has a physical
impairment that the league should be aware of, PLEASE note the information on the registration form, and contact your leagues'
Player Agent. Items such as allergies, eye problems, diabetes, etc., will be kept confidential, except that your child's manager
and coach will be aware of any potential problem."
Medical Approval and Release
Although not required, the Medical Approval and
Release form is provided to all managers. This form contains vital information regarding the child's current general health,
the child's doctor's name, address, and phone number, and any other special medical considerations (i.e. allergies, etc.).
Managers are strongly encouraged to obtain a completed Release for each of the players on their team and are instructed to
have these forms with them for every practice and game.
Communicable Disease Procedures
While the risk of one participant infecting another
with HIV/AIDS during league activities is small, there is a remote risk other blood borne infectious disease can be transmitted.
Procedures for reducing the potential for transmission of infectious agents should include, but not limited to the following:
- Bleeding must be stopped, the open
wound covered and if there is any excess amount of blood on the uniform, it must be changed before an athlete may participate.
- Routine use of gloves or other
precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure when contact with blood or other body fluids is anticipated.
- Immediately wash hands and other
skin surfaces if contaminated (in contact) with blood or other body fluids. Wash hands immediately after removing gloves.
- Clean all blood-contaminated surfaces
and equipment with a solution made from a proper dilution of household bleach or other disinfectant before competition resumes.
- Practice proper disposal procedures
to prevent injuries caused by needles and other sharp instruments or devices.
- Although saliva has not been implicated
in HIV transmission, to minimize the need for emergency mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, mouthpieces, resuscitation bags, or
other ventilation devices should be available for use.
- Managers, coaches, umpires, and
volunteers with bleeding or oozing skin should refrain from all direct athletic care until condition is resolved.
- Contaminated towels should be disposed
of or disinfected properly.
- Follow acceptable guidelines in
the immediate control of bleeding and when handling bloody dressings and other articles containing body fluids.
Kensington Little League Baseball will hold two
first aid safety classes and three fundamentals training classes in 2008.
These will be
on-going each year and will require at least one manager/coach from each team to attend.
and coaches are required to attend a safety and a fundamentals training once every three years.
Parents and “part-time”
coaches are encouraged to attend as well.
For 2006 these will
be held at the following locations and dates –
May 1, 2008 & May 3, 2008
at McCarthy Park.
- Baseball Training & Fundamentals
Feb. 13, 2008, March 12, 2008,
April 16, 2008… Locations and times to be determined
KLLB will host a Safety Information table at Opening Day Ceremonies on May 17. 2008. The Buffalo Fire Department will provide
basic info on first aid, home and recreational safety awareness and other misc. safety and first aid materials.
Numbers for Safety Plan
Buffalo Police Department
Board Of Directors Names And Numbers For Safety Plan
Jerry Bailey, Jr
Safety Officer Phone Numbers for Safety Plan
What Do I Expect from My Players?
- Be on time for all practices and
- Always do their best whether in
the field or on the bench.
- Be cooperative at all times and
share team duties.
- Respect not only others, but themselves
- Be positive with teammates at all
- Try not to become upset at their
mistakes or those of others ... we will all make our share this year and we must support one another.
- Understand that winning is only
important if you can accept losing, as both are important parts of any sport.
What Can You and Your Child Expect from
- Be on time for all practices and
- Be as fair as possible in giving
playing time to all players.
- Do my best to teach the fundamentals
of the game.
- Be positive and respect each child
as an individual.
- Set reasonable expectations for
each child and for the season.
- Teach the players the value of
winning and losing.
- Be open to ideas, suggestions or
- Never holler at any member of my
team, the opposing team or umpires. Any confrontation will be handled in a respectful, quiet and individual manner.
What Do I Expect from You as Parents and
- Come out and enjoy the game. Cheer
to make all players feel important.
- Allow me to coach and run the
- Try not to question my leadership.
All players will make mistakes and so will I.
- Do not holler at me, the players
or the umpires. We are all responsible for setting examples for our children. We must be the role models in society today.
If we eliminate negative comments, the children will have an opportunity to play without any unnecessary pressures and will
learn the value of sportsmanship.
- If you wish to question my strategies
or leadership, please do not do so in front of the players or fans. My phone number will be available for you to call at any
time if you have a concern. It will also be available if you wish to offer your services at practice. A helping hand is always
Finally, don't expect the majority of children
playing Little League baseball to have strong skills. We hear all our lives that we learn from our mistakes. Let's allow them
to make their mistakes, but always be there with positive support to lift their spirits.
Some Important Do's and Don'ts
- Reassure and aid children who
are injured, frightened, or lost.
- Provide, or assist in obtaining,
medical attention for those who require it.
- Know your limitations.
- Carry your first-aid kit to all
games and practices.
- Keep your "Prevention and Emergency
Management of Little League Baseball and Softball Injuries" booklet with your first-aid kit.
- Assist those who require medical
attention - and when administering aid, remember to ...
- LOOK for signs of injury (Blood,
Black-and-blue deformity of joint etc.).
- LISTEN to the injured describe
what happened and what hurts if conscious. Before questioning, you may have to calm and soothe an excited child.
- FEEL gently and carefully the
injured area for signs of swelling, or grating of broken bone.
- Have your players' Medical Clearance
Forms with you at all games and practices.
- Make arrangements to have a cellular
phone available when your game or practice is at a facility that does not have any public phones.
- Administer any medications
- Provide any food or beverages (other
- Hesitate in giving aid when needed
- Be afraid to ask for help if you're
not sure of the proper procedures (i.e., CPR, etc.)
- Transport injured individuals except
in extreme emergencies
- Leave an unattended child at a
practice or game
- Hesitate to report any present
or potential safety hazard to the Safety Officer immediately.
Lightning Evacuation Procedures
- Stop Game/Practice.
- Stay away from metal fencing (including
- Do not hold a metal bat.
- Walk, don't run to car and wait
for a decision on whether or not to continue the game or practice.
Lightning Facts and Safety Procedures
WHEN YOU HEAR IT - CLEAR IT
WHEN YOU SEE IT - FLEE IT
Consider the following facts:
- The average lightning stroke is
6 - 8 miles long.
- The average thunderstorm is 6 -10
miles wide and travels at a rate of 25 miles per hour.
Once the leading edge of a thunderstorm approaches
to within 10 miles, you are at immediate risk due to the possibility of lightning strokes coming from the storm’s overhanging
anvil cloud (for example, the lightning that injured 13 people during a concert at RFK during 1999 occurred while it was sunny
On the average, thunder can only be heard over
a distance of 3 - 4 miles, depending on humidity, terrain, and other factors. This means that by the time you hear the thunder,
you are already in the risk area for lightning strikes.
One way of determining how close a recent lightning
strike is to you is called the “flash-bang” method. With the “flash-bang” method, a person counts
the number of seconds between the sight of a lightning strike and the sound of thunder that follows it. Halt-play and evacuation
should be called for when the count between the lightning flash and the sound of its thunder is 15 seconds or less.
The ultimate truth about lightning is that it is
unpredictable and cannot be prevented. Therefore, a manager, coach, or umpire who feels threatened by an approaching storm
should stop play and get the kids to safety - regardless of whether or not the lightning detector goes off, or if the “flash-bang”
proximity measure applies. When in doubt, the following rule of thumb should be applied:
No place is absolutely safe from the lightning
threat, but some places are safer than others. Large enclosed shelters (substantially constructed buildings) are the safest
(like our snack bars and press boxes). For the majority of participants, the best area for them to seek shelter is in a fully
enclosed metal vehicle with the windows rolled up. If you are stranded in an open area and cannot get to shelter in a car,
put your feet together, crouch down, and put your hands over your ears (to try and prevent eardrum damage).
Avoid high places and open fields, isolated trees,
unprotected gazebos, rain or picnic shelters, dugouts, flagpoles, light poles, bleachers (metal or wood), metal fences, and
First Aid to a Lightning Victim
Typically, the lightning victim exhibits similar
symptoms as that of someone suffering from a heart attack. In addition to calling 911, the rescuer should consider the following:
- The first tenet of emergency care
is “make no more casualties”. If the victim is in a high-risk area (open field, isolated tree, etc.) the rescuer
should determine if movement from that area is necessary - lightning can and does strike the same place twice. If the rescuer
is at risk, and movement of the victim is a viable option, it should be done.
- If the victim is not breathing,
start mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. If it is decided to move the victim, give a few quick breaths prior to moving them.
- Determine if the victim has a
pulse. If no pulse is detected, start cardiac compressions as well.
Note: CPR should only be administered by a person
knowledgeable and trained in the technique.
Keep It Clean: Concession Stand Tips
‘12 Steps to Safe and Sanitary Food
The following information is intended to help you
run a healthful concession stand. Following these simple guidelines will help minimize the risk of food borne illness. This
information was provided by District Administrator John Chadwick, and is excerpted from “Food Safety Hints”
Keep your menu simple, and keep potentially hazardous foods (meats, eggs, dairy products, protein salads, cut fruits and vegetables,
etc.) to a minimum. Avoid using precooked foods or leftovers. Use only foods from approved sources, avoiding foods that have
been prepared at home. Complete control over your food, from source to service, is the key to safe, sanitary food service.
Use a food thermometer to check on cooking and holding temperatures of potentially hazardous foods. All potentially hazardous
foods should be kept at 41º F or below (if cold) or 140º F or above (if hot). Ground beef and ground pork products should
be cooked to an internal temperature of 155º F, poultry parts should be cooked to 165º F. Most food borne illnesses from temporary
events can be traced back to lapses in temperature control.
- Reheating. Rapidly reheat potentially hazardous foods to 165º F. Do not attempt to heat foods
in crock pots, steam tables, over sterno units or other holding devices. Slow-cooking mechanisms may activate bacteria
and never reach killing temperatures.
and Cold Storage. Foods that require refrigeration must be cooled
to 41º F as quickly as possible and held at that temperature until ready to serve. To cool foods down quickly, use an ice
water bath (60% ice to 40% water), stirring the product frequently, or place the food in shallow pans no more than 4 inches
in depth and refrigerate. Pans should not be stored one atop the other and lids should be off or ajar until the food is completely
cooled. Check the temperature periodically to see if the food is cooling properly. Allowing hazardous foods to remain unrefrigerated
for too long has been the number ONE cause of food borne illness.
Washing. Frequent and thorough hand washing remains the first line
of defense in preventing food borne disease. The use of disposable gloves can provide an additional barrier to contamination,
but they are no substitute for hand washing! Signs will be posted in all restrooms reminding all volunteers to wash hands.
and Hygiene. Only healthy workers should prepare and serve food. Anyone
who shows symptoms of disease (cramps, nausea, fever, vomiting, diarrhea, jaunt-dice, etc.) or who has open sores or infected
cuts on the hands should not be allowed in the food concession area. Workers should wear clean outer garments and should not
smoke in the concession area. The use of hair restraints is recommended to prevent hair ending up in food products.
Handling. Avoid hand contact with raw, ready-to-eat foods and food
contact surfaces. Use an acceptable dispensing utensil to serve food. Touching food with bare hands can transfer germs
- Dishwashing. Use disposable utensils for food service. Keep your hands away from food contact surfaces,
and never reuse disposable dishware. Ideally, dishes and utensils should be washed in a four-step process:
Ice. Ice used to cool cans/bottles should not be used in cup beverages and should be stored
separately. Use a scoop to dispense ice; never use the hands. Ice can become contaminated with bacteria and viruses and
cause food-borne illness.
Cloths. Rinse and store your wiping cloths in a bucket of sanitizer
(example: 1 gallon of water and ½ teaspoon of chlorine bleach). Change the solution every two hours. Well sanitized work
surfaces prevent cross-contamination and discourage flies.
Control and Waste. Keep foods covered to protect them from insects.
Store pesticides away from foods. Place garbage and paper wastes in a refuse container with a tight-fitting lid. Dispose of
wastewater in an approved method (do not dump it outside). All water used should be potable water from an approved source.
Storage and Cleanliness. Keep foods stored off the floor at least
six inches. After your event is finished, clean the concession area and discard unusable food
- Washing in hot soapy water;
- Rinsing in clean water;
- Chemical or heat sanitizing; and
- Air drying.
From past experience, the US Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC) list these circumstances as the most likely to lead to illness. Check this list to make sure
your concession stand has covered these common causes of food borne illness.
cooling and cold holding.
food too far in advance for service.
personal hygiene and infected personnel.
raw foods and ingredients.
Clean Hands for Clean Foods
Since the staff at concession stands may not be
professional food workers, it is important that they be thoroughly instructed in the proper method of washing their hands.
The following may serve as a guide:
- Use soap and warm water.
- Rub your hands vigorously as you
- Wash all surfaces including the
backs of hands, wrists, between fingers and under fingernails.
- Rinse your hands well.
- Dry hands with a paper towel.
- Turn off the water using a paper
towel, instead of your bare hands.
- Wash your hands in this fashion
before you begin work and frequently during the day, especially after performing any of these activities:
- After touching bare human body
parts other than clean hands and clean, exposed portions of arms.
- After using the restroom.
- After caring for or handling animals.
- After coughing, sneezing, using
a handkerchief or disposable tissue.
- After handling soiled surfaces,
equipment or utensils.
- After drinking, using tobacco,
- During food preparation, as often
as necessary to remove soil and contamination and to prevent cross-contamination when changing tasks.
- When switching between working
with raw food and working with ready-to-eat food.
- Directly before touching ready-to-eat
food or food-contact surfaces.
- After engaging in activities that
The following applies to all of the storage sheds
used by the League and apply to anyone who has been issued a key or code by The League to use those sheds. All individuals
with keys or codes to the League equipment sheds (i.e., Managers, Umpires, etc.) are aware of their responsibilities for the
orderly and safe storage of rakes, shovels, bases, etc.
Before you use any machinery located in the shed
(i.e., lawn mowers, weed whackers, lights, scoreboards, public address systems, etc.) please locate and read the written operating
procedures for that equipment.
All chemicals or organic materials stored in the
League sheds shall be properly marked and labeled as to its contents. All chemicals or organic materials (i.e., lime, fertilizer,
etc.) stored within these equipment sheds will be separated from the areas used to store machinery and gardening equipment
(i.e., rakes, shovels, etc.) to minimize the risk of puncturing storage containers. Any witnessed “loose” chemicals
or organic materials within these sheds should be cleaned up and disposed of as soon possible to prevent accidental poisoning.
- Kensington Little League Baseball
goes to great lengths to provide as much training and instruction as possible. Attend as many of the clinics as possible.
- Check the Kensington Little League
Baseball Home Page (www.Kensingtonbaseball.tripod.com) frequently. Lots of information and a complete league calendar can
be found there and can be a very valuable resource.
Remember, safety is everyone's job. Prevention
is the key to reducing accidents to a minimum. Don't play on a field that is not safe or with unsafe playing equipment.
Report all hazardous conditions to the Safety Officer or another Board member immediately. Be sure your players are fully
equipped at all times, especially catchers and batters. And check your team's equipment often.